Course title
4M986000,7M2600001
Advanced Materials Science

takasaki akito Click to show questionnaire result at 2018
Course content
This course focuses on the chemistry and physics of engineering materials (metals, alloys, and polymers) from a view point mechanical engineering. Emphases are put on atomic or molecular interpretation for physical or mechanical properties, the relationships between physical and chemical properties and performance of engineering materials. Topics to be covered include atomic structure and bonding in solid materials, crystalline structures, microstructures of the engineering materials, and an introduction to X-ray diffractometry that enables us to measure the crystalline structure (atomic arrangement) of solid materials. Over the course we will discuss how the atomic structure or its arrangement in solid materials determines the macroscopic properties of the materials such as tensile strength.
Purpose of class
The students will gain fundamental knowledge on materials characterization using X-ray (X-ray diffraction and chemical analyses) and related crystal structures, and acquire how the microscopic crystal structures strongly affect the macroscopic physical and mechanical properties of the solid materials.
Goals and objectives
  1. The students will be able to understand what X-ray is and how to produce X-ray.
  2. The students will be able to understand classification of crystal structures that affects physical properties of solid materials.
  3. The students will be able to understand microscopic mechanism of deformation of solid materials and atomic defects.
  4. The students will be able to estimate strengths and densities of some simple elements theoretically.
  5. The student will be able to determine some simple crystal structure by means of X-ray diffraction technique.
Language
English
Class schedule

Class schedule HW assignments (Including preparation and review of the class.) Amount of Time Required
1. Overview I
Defects in crystal structures and strength of solid materials (overview)
check the syllabus carefully 60minutes
2. Overview II
Solid state materials, crystal, quasicrystal and amorphous
Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
3. Introduction to quantum mechanics
several quantum states for electrons in atoms
Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
Self-calculation for quantum states 180minutes
4. Continuous and characteristic X-rays, nd chemical analyses for solid materials Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
Summarize a report after group investigation of a real X-ray tube at the class (how X-ray tube works). 120minutes
5. Crystal and amorphous, and unit of crystal
Bravais Lattices
Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
6. Bonding in solid materials
metallic, covalent and ionic bonding
Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
Work for assignment on theoretical determination of strengths and densities 360minutes
7. Fundamental crystallography
Plane and direction in crystal structures
Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
8. Interstitial sites in crystals
Allotropy or polymorphism
Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
9. Plastic deformations of polycrystals and single crystals
Slip systems
Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
10. Mechanical tests for single and poly crystalline materials Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
11. Atomic defects
vacancy, dislocation and stacking fault
Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
12. Physical properties of metallic materials and crystal structures (density, melting temperature and Young's modulus) Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
13. Strengthening metallic materials Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
14. Measurements for crystalline materials by X-ray Read handouts to be distributed at the previous class. Special instruction will be also pointed out at the calss. 120minutes
Prepare for final assignment on how to determine crystal structures of some elements by X-ray diffraction technique. 370minutes
Total. - - 2650minutes
Relationship between 'Goals and Objectives' and 'Course Outcomes'

Assignment Exercise Presentation Total.
1. 5% 10% 15%
2. 5% 10% 15%
3. 5% 10% 15%
4. 20% 5% 25%
5. 20% 0% 10% 30%
6. 0% 0%
Total. 40% 15% 45% -
Evaluation method and criteria
Assignments, presentations on some topics regarding materials science and exercise on X-ray diffraction will be evaluated. Your active participation into the class are very welcome. Students who mark more than 60% will obtain the credit.
Textbooks and reference materials
Suitable scientific or technological textbook will be used during the course. Some scientific papers will be handed out ocasionaly.
Prerequisites
Sufficient cominucation skill in English is mandaory.
Office hours and How to contact professors for questions
  • Thursday, 16:10-17:10
Regionally-oriented
Non-regionally-oriented course
Development of social and professional independence
  • Course that cultivates a basic interpersonal skills
Active-learning course
About half of the classes are interactive
Course by professor with work experience
Work experience Work experience and relevance to the course content if applicatable
N/A N/A
Education related SDGs:the Sustainable Development Goals
  • 7.AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY
  • 13.CLIMATE ACTION
Last modified : Sat Mar 21 12:48:40 JST 2020