Course title
Thermodynamics 2

yahagi yuji Click to show questionnaire result at 2018
Course description
Outline and purpose of this lecture
Lecture on the premise that the contents of thermodynamics 1, that is basic concept of thermodynamics, thermodynamics 0th law, thermodynamics 1st law, thermodynamics 2nd law etc are learned.
The contents are effective utilization of energy resource and "exergy", general thermodynamics relation, chemical reaction and combustion, gas cycles, vapor cycle, refrigeration cycle and air conditioning.

Course advise and recommendation
Students should fully understand thermodynamics 1. If you did not pass the thermodynamics 1 you should not register this class. You probably fail final examination.
Furthermore, the topics of this lecture contain and strongly relate to the engine system class which to be opened in the 3rd year student. To understand this lecture, students will take exercises at every lecture. The range of the exercises is the problem at the end of each chapter in the textbook.
Purpose of class
The purpose of the class are followings:
Understand the basic concept of thermodynamics, thermodynamics 0th law, thermodynamics 1st law, thermodynamics 2nd law etc.
Understand the heat engine cycle.
Understand the generation (combustion dynamics) of thermal energy.
Understand the concept of "exergy".
Understand the refrigerator cycle.
Goals and objectives
  1. Students can understand the first and second laws of thermodynamics and can explain the potential ability to generate work.
  2. Students can understand and explain the concept of potential ability to generate work.
  3. Students can explain the relationship between chemical reaction and thermodynamics and calculate adiabatic flame temperature.
  4. Students can explain the basic cycle of the heat engine and its characteristics.
  5. Students can understand the nature of steam and the Rankine cycle.
    Students can understand the mechanism of the refrigerator and heat pump.
Class schedule

Class schedule HW assignments (Including preparation and review of the class.) Amount of Time Required
1. Summary of thermodynamics 1 and review (Introduction)
I will explain the fundamentals of thermodynamics and will discuss why we need to know thermodynamics.
The contents are mainly the following three points.
1. Basic concept of thermodynamics and the zeroth law of thermodynamics.
2. The first law of thermodynamics.
3. The second law of thermodynamics.
Contents of thermodynamics 1 (Solving exercises in chapters 1 to 4 of textbooks). 190minutes
2. Why important exergy concept? (Background of Exergy Analysis)
I will explain "energy concept" which is important to understand the ability to generation work and maximum work.
Understanding the Carnot cycle. 100minutes
Prep Chapter 5 (including example exercises). 90minutes
3. Maximum Work Concept
To explain the basic concept for the ability of the generation work based on heat engine, fuel cell, and hydroelectric power.
Contents of the 3rd lecture + example exercise. 90minutes
Solving exercises in Chapter 5. 100minutes
4. Free Energy
I will explain the free energy used for describing maximum work and equilibrium conditions of chemical reactions such as combustion and fuel cells, including exergy concept.
General Thermodynamic Relation
We obtain quantities of state by using the general thermodynamic relation and explain the fundamental concept of thermodynamics.
Solve exercises of chapter 6th 100minutes
Read chapter 6th + solve examples 6.1 and 6.2. 90minutes
5. Midterm exam 1 and comments. Review the lesson 1 to 4 and prepare for midterm exam. 190minutes
6. Chemical Reaction and Combustion
I will explain the concept of energy extraction method by using chemical reaction.
Prepare chapter 7th. 100minutes
Solve examples 7.1 and 7.2. 90minutes
7. Heat of Reaction and Standard Enthalpy of Formation
I will explain heat of reaction and standard enthalpy of formation and how to calculate adiabatic flame temperature.
Calculation of adiabatic flame temperature. 190minutes
8. Combustion Phenomena
I will explain the combustion phenomena of three types of fuel, solid, liquid, and gas. Also, I will explain the flame structure in the gas phase combustion.
Solve exercises of chapter 7th. 190minutes
9. Heat Engine and Piston Engine Cycle
I will explain the gas cycle of piston engine such as Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, etc. based on the Carnot cycle in the second law of thermodynamics.
Read chapter 8th and understand the concept of heat engine described in chapter 4th (p. 46). 190minutes
10. Midterm exam 2 and comments. Solve exercises from chapters 5 to 7 more than twice.
Recommend re-try the exercises distributed in the thermodynamics exercises, it is more effective to prepare the midterm exam.
11. Gas turbine engine cycle
I will explain the cycle of gas turbine engines such as Brayton cycle and Ericsson cycle.
Solve exercises of chapter 8th 190minutes
12. Properties of Vapor
I will explain the properties of steam which is important to understand Rankine cycle.
Rankine cycle
I will explain the Rankine cycle which is the basic cycle of the steam engine.
Read Chapter 9th. 90minutes
Solve exercises of chapter 9th 100minutes
13. Refrigeration cycle
I will explain the principle and cycle of refrigerator and air conditioning in inverse Carnot cycle
Read chapter 10th. 90minutes
Solve exercises of chapter 10th 100minutes
14. Final exam and comments. Solve exercises of chapters 5th to 10th more than twice. 190minutes
Total. - - 2660minutes
Relationship between 'Goals and Objectives' and 'Course Outcomes'

midterm exam 1 midterm exam 2 Final exam Total.
1. 10% 5% 5% 20%
2. 15% 5% 5% 25%
3. 10% 5% 15%
4. 5% 15% 20%
5. 20% 20%
Total. 25% 25% 50% -
Evaluation method and criteria
Evaluation methods
Midterm exam: 25% × 2
Final exam: 50%

Students can understand Carnot cycle and Exergy.
Students can calculated adiabatic flame temperature.
Students can calculated the theoretical thermal efficiency of Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Sabathe cycle and Brayton cycle.
Student can understand the property of steam.
Minimum requirement is 60 points.
The credit can be acquired (you can get 60 point or more) if the above 4 items are possible.
Textbooks and reference materials
JSME Text Series Thermodynamics Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers which is written in Japanese.
In this lecture, I will focus on chapters 5 to 10 as shown below.
     Chapter 5 Effective Utilization of Energy and Exergy
     Chapter 6 General Thermodynamic Relation
     Chapter 7 Chemical Reaction and Combustion
     Chapter 8 Gas Cycle
     Chapter 9 vaper Cycle
     Chapter 10 Refrigeration Cycle and Air Conditioning
Students should be passed the thermodynamics 1 class.
Minimum requirement for English skills: TOEIC650, TOEFL iBT60, EIKEN Grade 2.
Recommendation English skills: TOEIC820, TOEFL iBT80, IELTS6.5, EIKEN Grade Pre 1 or more.
Be sure to bring a calculator for every lecture.
Whether or not to bring in calculators etc. in intermediate tests and final exams shall be indicated on the question sheet.
Programming calculator and computer not allowed in the exam.
Any questions, welcome!
Office hours and How to contact professors for questions
  • zoom meeting: 8:20~850 on Wednesday.
    Appointment by e-mail recommend.
  • Toyosu Campus: 9:00~12:00 on Monday.
    Appointment by e-mail recommend.
Non-regionally-oriented course
Development of social and professional independence
  • Course that cultivates a basic self-management skills
  • Course that cultivates an ability for utilizing knowledge
Active-learning course
Course by professor with work experience
Work experience Work experience and relevance to the course content if applicable
Education related SDGs:the Sustainable Development Goals
Last modified : Sun Mar 21 17:16:38 JST 2021